In most regions, it’s necessary to register your hive. The regulations on beehives vary greatly from country to country. and also within countries.
In Australia, hives must be registered with state authorities. For instance, in the state of Victoria, all hives must be registered with the Department of Environment and Primary Industries, and this is free for fewer than five hives.
Before getting bees, contact your local council to find out the regulations which apply to keeping bees in your area.
Suggested reading: Do I need a license to keep bees?