Although requirements to obtain a license to keep bees are not very common, this will depend on the regulations in your local area.
We recommend you check with the relevant local authorities (eg: council, state agricultural body) to find out what's required in your jurisdiction before you set up a new hive. Registration of hives is often required (follow the link below for more info). In rare cases, specific limits have been placed on beekeeping in built-up areas.
To be sure that you're doing your part to maintain the health and wellbeing of your colony and others in your region, it's best to understand the local rules and regulations.
Suggested reading: Do I need to register my hive?